Indonesia and the Philippines, archipelagos within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), are in focus of MAN’s new integrated LNG-to-Power solutions. “We have new projects under development mainly in Asia and western- and northern Africa. But this is a business we are still building,” said Carsten Dommermuth, business development manager at MAN Energy Solutions. In Gibraltar, meanwhile, an 80 MW project is already under commissioning.
Strong, sustained growth in U.S. gas production is putting downward pressure on Henry Hub spot and futures prices. Dry gas production increased to 83.3 Bcf/d in 2018, according to figures by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), which forecasts a subsequent fall in Henry Hub spot gas prices to $3.11 per MMBtu on average in 2019.
CAPEX for new-build offshore wind parks in Asia will soon be competitive with thermal power, with investors gearing up to participate in first-mover projects. According to Wood Mackenzie, “together with South Korea and Japan, East Asia needs around US$37 billion in investments to meet the mammoth growth in offshore wind capacity over the next five years.”
Japan’s largest LNG importer JERA will also become the nation’s biggest power producer as of April 2019 when it will take control of TECPO and Chubu Electric’s domestic power business. Rated ‘A-minus by Standard & Poor’s, analysts caution that over the next three years JERA plans to invest in high-risk upstream LNG concessions and unregulated power projects overseas.
Anglo-Swiss commodity trader Glencore is understood to partner with Limay LNG Power Corp. on realizing a LNG-fuelled power plant in Batan, Luzon Island, with a capacity of 1,100 MW. Glencore could provide project financing and help with LNG procurement, adding to supplies from the Philippines’ depleting Malampaya field.
Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) has agreed a financing deal for the 1,760 MW Jawa-1 gas power plant and an accompanying floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU). The integrated LNG-to-power project will be built at a cost of $1.8 billion by PT Pertamina, Marubeni and Sojitz and is due operational in December 2021.
Deployment of large-scale battery storage is rapidly increasing across the United States, but capital costs of energy storage systems vary greatly, dependent on the technology uses. Energy-oriented batteries systems, used for peakload shaving, are designed for longer durations and consequently have higher average costs per kilowatt and lower costs per kilowatthour. This type is mostly used in the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) area.
Dynamics of the global energy transition are driven by the speed of electrification and the competition between flexible gas power plants and renewables plus energy storage. Margins in the downstream power market are becoming more attractive, as price discrimination allows for better value capture downstream than in the generation business.
The world’s advanced economies will see an uptick in their emissions, bucking a five-year long decline. Energy-related CO2 emissions in North America, the EU and industrialized countries in Asia Pacific grew by around 0.5% in 2018, as higher oil and gas use more than offset declining coal consumption, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Carbon capture and hydrogen are interdependent; hence the resurgence of strategic interest in hydrogen is strongly connected with carbon capture in multiple ways. “The most basic is the source of hydrogen: today it is fossil fuels with over 10 tons of CO2 emitted for a ton of H2,” said IEA chief economist Laszlo Varro.
Princeton University researchers have proposed a U.S. pipeline network that would capture, transport and store underground up to 30 million metric tons of emissions each year – an amount equal to removing 6.5 million cars from the road. The pipeline would transfer CO2 waste from ethanol refineries in the American Midwest to oilfields in West Texas for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR).
Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) is one of a few options that can significantly reduce emissions from coal and gas power generation as well as from industrial processes such as steel, cement and chemicals manufacturing. “Without CCUS as part of the solution,” said IEA head Dr. Fatih Birol, “reaching our international climate goals is practically impossible.”
Utilities around the global are understood to have halted operations of at least 18 of GE’s HA turbines at power plants following blade oxidation corrosion issues. The technical issues are reportedly very similar to a recent GE turbine blade failure at Exelon’s Colorado Bend power plant near Houston.
Boosting upstream investment, Chevron has set aside $3.6 billion for fracking in the Permian Basin out of a total $20 billion of capital spending in 2019. The decision comes as U.S. recoverable shale oil and gas reserves have been assessed at a record high.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is about to initiate more rollback regulations in favour of coal in the power sectors. The proposals included loosening the New Source Performance Standards which mandate how much CO2 new power plants can emit. However, these rollbacks are unlikely to stop the demise of the U.S. coal industry as natural gas is outcompeting coal on cost.