Switching to synthetic e-fuels – like carbon-neutral methanol or bio-ethanol – will not be a solution to decarbonise transport in Germany, simply because not enough e-fuel is available. “We will predominantly need e-fuels for aviation,” the transport minister Volker Wissing said, suggesting the public can drive in a carbon-neutral way using e-mobility.
Remote telemetry units (RTUs) monitor the grid-connection of conventional 1 GW power stations, but these RTUs need to get smaller to control the vast range of renewable options like solar, biomass and wind that are measured in kilowatts. On-site, the RTU fine-tunes the plant’s operation in coordination with the local TSO and relays information to the asset owner.
Capturing carbon emissions directly from the air requires a lot of electricity, hence the German government prioritises the renewable build-out. “Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) with direct air capture should only be used once renewables have reached a share of more than 80% of power supply,” analysts at the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) stressed.
JERA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) will get Japanese government funding to develop a novel technology that will increase the rate of ammonia co-firing at boilers in thermal power stations. Burning ammonia is carbon-free and the JERA-MHI team vowed to verify co-firing with at least 50% ammonia at two different boiler types by 2028.
Honeywell has entered a licensing arrangement with University of Texas at Austin to utilize the latter’s new Advent Solvent technology to capture CO2 more efficiently. Carbon pricing accelerates retrofits in the power sector and Honeywell says applying advanced solvent CCS to a typical 650 WM plant allows to capture about 3.4 million tons of CO2 annually.
BASF New Business and Boston-based Advent Technologies have teamed up to boost the manufacturing scale of fuel cell membranes, used to separate hydrogen from gas mixtures. The German chemical giant aims to improve the stability of its Celtec membrane and push up the production capacity with the help of Advent’s fuel cell systems and membrane electrode assembly.
ESG Clean Energy has applied for new patents on capturing CO2 from small-scale gensets while producing water or recycled plastic. The US-based company is about to complete its first 4.2 MW plant that utilizes these technologies to feed electricity into the local grid and provide distilled water from the carbon by-products.
Oxford-based NGO Carbon Gap has urged governments in Europe and the UK to support the scale-up of technologies that can remove CO2 directly from the air. Researchers highlight the strong need to invest in R&D for carbon removal, provide deployment incentives and develop standards and clear target to incentivise utilities to start delivering net-negative emissions.
Hydrogen-ready solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are being introduced to the British wholesale power market by Bloom Energy, Conrad Energy and Electricity North West. The trio agreed to jointly develop, build and operate behind-the-meter (Btm) projects to bring Bloom’s SOFC platform to UK with first orders hoped to materialise in December 2021.
Emirates Global Aluminium (EGA) and GE Gas Power have agreed to develop a roadmap to reduce emissions from EGA’s operating fleet of gas turbines by turning to hydrogen as well as carbon capture, utilisation, and storage solutions (CCUS). The aim is to retrofit EGA’s turbines to partially run on clean hydrogen and capture most gas-based emissions.